Kathleen Booth (1922) was born in Stourbridge, England. She is known for creating the assembly language and design of the assembler for the first Automatic Relay Computer (ARC) at Birkbeck college in London. At this time, she was part of one of the smallest British computer groups. After being credited with writing the first assembly language, she eventually moved to Canada and became a Research Fellow, Lecturer, and Associate Professor at the University of Saskatchewan. Then we was a Professor of Mathematics at Lakehead University. She is also known for working on neural networks that were instrumental to simulating how animals recognize patterns.